Oron is located between latitude 5o North and longitude 9o East at the right bank of the lower estuary of the Cross River. It situates between Mbo Local Government Area in the South and South-East; Okobo Local Government Area in the North and North-East; Esit Eket and Ibeno Local Government Area in the South-West; and Cross River State in the North-East.
The people of Oron, according to available records, migrated to their present location from the Cameroun. They came by sea, on rafts made of wood, bamboos and rope. The migration took place in about the 13th century. The people, grouped into Oron Ukpabang and Idua, embraced Western Education very early with the establishment of Methodist Boy’s High School, Oron in 1905.
Oron became a Division in August 1970 and in 1976, was made a local government area. However, following the local government creation exercise of the federal government in 1989, Oron was split into 3 Local Government Areas of Mbo, Oron and Okobo. Again in September 1991, Urue Offong/Oruko Local Government Area was carved out of Oron Local Government Area. Finally in December 1996, Udung Uko Local Government Area was further carved out of Oron.
The people live in the lower basin of the Cross River estuary. It is one of the three major ethnic groups in Akwa Ibom State.
The people are made up of Ukpabangs and Iduas. While the former group speaks Oron language, the latter speak both Oron and Efik languages. English is spoken as an official language. Oron people are industrious and hospitable. Their main occupations are fishing, farming, trading, crafts creations, among others.
Oron is found in the flood plain of South Eastern Nigeria, with the land mainly intersected by numerous streams and tributaries flowing into Cross River. The entire coastline stretches from Uya Oron to Udung Uko.
Oron is in the tropical region and has a uniformly high temperature all the year round. The two main seasons are the dry which spans between October and April and wet season which starts around May and ends in September. There are also two prevailing winds – the South-West onshore winds which brings heavy rains and the North- East trade winds blowing across the Sahara Desert, which brings in the dry season
The culture of Oron people is to a greater extent, the same as that of Ibibio and Annang ethnic groups of Akwa Ibom State. In the areas of dressing, menu dances, food, rituals and beliefs among others, the culture of the area has the potentials for tourist attraction.
The people have a distinct Oron language, though they speak and understand the Iblblo language. Oron has a rich culture expressed in songs, folklore and dances. The first National Museum east of the Niger and the Maritime Academy of Nigeria are all located in Oron.
Deposits of solid minerals such as iron, free silica/glass sand and gravel. Good quantity of untapped natural gas and oil at Ukpata, Udung Okung, Edik Ekpu etc. Presently, it has 25 corked oil wells, sea foods such as crayfish, snipers, oyster and periwinkle abound richly. The mangrove forests provide timber and raw materials for medicinal purposes.
The people are predominantly fishermen, farmers, and traders who trade across the Gulf of Guinea frontiers
|* Source: 2006 National Census|